Fans

There are two types of fans connectors with 3 or 4 pins. The three pins models allows to power then fan and to get a speed signal. The four pins models adds a signal which allows to control fan speed using a PWM signal.

Signals

Power

Fans are usually powered with +12V voltage, but it is possible to lower supply voltage to lower fan speed. If voltage is too low, fan will not restart if it is blocked. Fan speed signal can also be wrong.
As a rule of thumb it is recommended to always keep supply voltage over 5V for a 12V fan.

Fan speed signal (tachometer)

This signal allows to check fan rotational speed. It is a square shaped signal. Fan usually produces 2 or 4 edges per rotation. Signal is often open collector type. A 12V pull up resistor is necessary.
Fan speed can be obtained by measuring time between fan speed signal edges.a mesurer la durée entre les fronts.

PWM

This signals allows to modify fan speed without changing power supply voltage. Speed depends on Ton(5V)/Toff(0V) ration. Range is usually between 30% and 70%. Signal needs to have a fixed frequency (25 kHz recommanded) with a 5V amplitude. If this signal is not connected, fan runs at his maximum speed.

5V = Maximum speed 0V = Minimum speed

Pinout

3 pins connector

Pin# Name Notes
1 GND Ground
2 +12V Power
3 Tachy Fan speed signal

4 pins connector (PWM)

Pin# Name Notes
1 GND Ground
2 +12V Power
3 Tachy Fan speed signal
4 Pwm Fan speed setting

Part number : Molex 22-04-1041 ( KK type )

Standards

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